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Science and
Techonology

Brazil in the era of knowledge.

The science and technology agenda encourages research in areas that are strategic for economic development, such as energy, aviation and agribusiness, as well as, IT and biotechnology.

As a result of increased investment in the training of scientists and researchers, Brazil is preparing to explore new knowledge frontiers. Brazil is already among the 15 largest producers of scientific knowledge in the world and sets standards in deep water oil exploration, the aerospace industry, agribusiness, telecommunications, and software design. It is also a pioneer in the development of renewable energy sources, such as ethanol and biodiesel.

Research support over the years has resulted in the creation of internationally renowned academic institutions focused on public health, such as Fiocruz in Rio de Janeiro and the Butantã Institute in São Paulo. Today, this tradition lives on through research on the use of human stem cells carried out at the University of São Paulo, and on the direct control of the human brain over machines and prosthetic components at the International Institute of Neurosciences of Natal in the state of Rio Grande do Norte.

Brazilian public investment in research and development has grown in recent years, reaching 1.25 percent of GDP in 2011. The country now has more than 80,000 researchers and fellows working in universities and private companies. The federal government has also been increasing its allocation of research grants.

Benchmark in key sectors

Recognized for its technological capacity and creativity, the Brazilian aerospace industry is the largest in the southern hemisphere and competes in several segments of the global market.

The Brazilian aircraft manufacturer Embraer is a leading producer of regional commercial jets in addition to parts and accessories. The Brazilian aerospace industry produces military equipment, executive jets and satellites, as well as crop monitoring equipment. Additionally, the Brazilian space program generates satellite images that are critical to the preservation of the Amazon.

The Brazilian market for software services and information technology is ranked among the top ten in the world. This industry is increasingly requested to provide support to multinational companies; the sector offers opportunities in services and software development and entrepreneurs count on facilitated credit lines.

INNOVATION AND R&D Meet the ability of Brazilian innovation that extends to technology, science, research and development.

Brazil shows an extraordinary potential in terms of innovation. Such capacity is subject to further developments thanks to the advance in policies supporting science, technology, research and development. In effect, since 2005, Brazil´s Innovation Law exempts public research institutions from conducting bidding processes for technology transfer or licensing, authorizes the use of public funds by companies and allows researchers to perform activities in the private sector.

Examples that illustrate Brazil´s innovative capacity

  • Petrobras

    Petrobras: A worldwide benchmark for technological innovation, especially in deep-water oil and gas exploration. The discovery of the pre-salt reserves has been boosting investments in R&D.

     

  • Embrapa

    Embrapa: A government agency, the Brazilian Agricultural Research Enterprise (Embrapa) develops solutions for agricultural sustainability based on research, development and innovation. Such solutions have provided for a threefold increase in grain production, while the cultivated area increased by 40%. The use of the technologies developed by Embrapa has contributed to a 70% reduction in the price of basic food.

  • Embraer

    Embraer: Established as a state-owned corporation in 1969 and privatized in the 1990s, it is one of the largest aerospace enterprises in the world, operating in 90 countries over all continents. The company has already manufactured more than 5 thousand aircrafts, and presently is the 3rd largest commercial aircraft producer in the world.

  • Natura

    Natura: The richness of the Amazonian biodiversity is the key source for the development of Natura´s cosmetics and toiletries. The company has 250 employees working directly in the innovation area, carries out research in France and works in partnership with universities.

Research and Development Centers

The Brazilian Government offers several benefits for companies willing to perform R&D activities in the country. Tax incentives and reimbursable and non-reimbursable funding lines are some of the granted benefits.

Additionally, the companies benefit, inter alia, from cost reduction, highly skilled workforce and access to a developed supply chain.

Learn more about foreign companies which invested in Research and Development activities in Brazil:


  • Motorola

    Motorola: The company has invested over US$ 500 million in Brazil since 1995. In Jaguariúna (SP), this corporate giant has already installed: a Research and Development Center for mobile terminals in hardware, software, mechanical and industrial design, a Center for Semiconductor Technology, and a base of Motorola University. The industrial complex of Motorola Brazil is also considered as a large exporting center, a leader in the telecommunications sector.

  • Google

    Google: The Development and Research Center for Google Inc. in Latin America is located in Belo Horizonte (MG). The investment of over US$ 200 million is an acknowledgement that Brazil is an important talent pool.

     

  • GM

    General Motors: Located in São Caetano do Sul (SP), GM´s Development and Engineering Center holds more than 2 thousand professionals, among researchers and other employees. It is the company’s world center for the design of mid-sized pickups. The company has already invested more than US$ 100 million in the establishment of the said Center.

  • Nokia

    Nokia: INdT is a Research and Development Center established by Nokia in 2001. Established with the aim of creating and developing innovative technology solutions for mobile telecommunication, the Center operates facilities in Manaus (AM), Brasília (DF) and Recife (PE).
     

  • Fiat

    Fiat: Fiat chose Betim, in the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte (MG), to set up its only development and engineering center outside Italy. The center is important in the design and development of products and mobilizes 65 professionals, mostly engineers and researchers.

Institutions supporting innovation in Brazil

Agencies and federal organizations responsible for the promotion of R&D:

  • CNPq – National Council for Scientific and Technological Development
  • Inmetro – National Institute of Metrology, Standardization and
  • Industrial Quality BNDES – Brazilian Development Bank

Technological Parks

Brazil has 31 technological parks, covering different sectors of the economy. Other 17 are under implementation and 32 are being projected.